Composition Element Value
The lightness or darkness of a color or grays, white being the lightest, black the darkest. Sometimes referred to as tones. Values create spacial illusions and form through gradations in values and separates one object from another.
Tints are colors with white added to them. Shades are colors with black added to them.
A painting should be either predominantly light or dark, not equal parts. A predominantly light painting with few darks is considered to be a high key painting. A low key painting is predominantly dark values.
To simplify painting, we traditionally break down values into 10 units with white being #10 and black being #1.
Values are arguably the most important element.
- Focal points are created with the relationship of value with the eye drawn to light values.
- The relationship on values to one another create impact in a painting.
- Values give forms to objects making them look three dimensional on a two dimensional surface.
- Values can create moods in a painting.
- Depth in a painting is created by gradations in values.
Strong Light & Dark Values
View the differences between a value sketch with mostly a mid value range and a value sketch with strong lights and darks.
Creating Mood in Values
Creating a Sense of Time of Day
Colors have values
Each color has their own value.